Makerspaces, Participatory Learning, and Libraries

The concept of libraries as makerspaces first hit my radar last November when I read about the Fayetteville Free Library’s FabLab.  As I began hearing more buzz about libraries and makerspaces the first few months of this year, I decided that learning more about this concept and exploring how I might apply the elements of makerspaces to my library program would be a personal learning project for the summer.

So what is a makerspace?  Makerspace defines it as:

Modeled after hackerspaces, a makerspace is a place where young people have an opportunity to explore their own interests, learn to use tools and materials, and develop creative projects. It could be embedded inside an existing organization or standalone on its own. It could be a simple room in a building or an outbuilding that’s closer to a shed. The key is that it can adapt to a wide variety of uses and can be shaped by educational purposes as well as the students’ creative goals.

The Library as Incubator Project describes makerspaces as:

Makerspaces are collaborative learning environments where people come together to share materials and learn new skills… makerspaces are not necessarily born out of a specific set of materials or spaces, but rather a mindset of community partnership, collaboration, and creation.

In late spring, I was even more intrigued by the concept as my friend and colleague Kristin Fontichiaro began sharing some of her thoughts on makerspaces and the possibilities for school libraries.  While immersing myself into researching makerspaces last week, I discovered friend and fellow librarian Heather Braum is also fascinated by the possibilities, and she shared her current list of resources with me including photos and video from her visit this past weekend to the Kansas City Maker Faire.  You can learn more about Heather’s MakerFaire experience in her new blog post here.

While I am having fun soaking up ideas and brainstorming ways we could cultivate makerspaces in The Unquiet Library, I can’t help but notice that makerspaces provide opportunities for participatory learning.  As regular readers of the blog know, participatory learning is the guiding framework for my library program and services.  Project New Media Literacies identifies these principles of participatory learning:

  • Heightened motivation and new forms of engagement through meaningful play and experimentation
  • Learning that feels relevant to students’ identities and interests
  • Opportunities for creating using a variety media, tools and practices
  • Co-configured expertise where educators and students pool their skills and knowledge and share in the tasks of teaching and learning
  • An integrated system of learning where connections between home, school, community and world are enabled and encouraged
I believe that makerspaces can provide students AND teachers opportunities to exercise these elements of participatory learning and to form what James Gee calls affinity spaces, communities formed around passions and shared interests. Tinkering, collaborative learning, play, conversations for learning, intergenerational learning,experimentation, inquiry, the act of creation, and problem solving–these are just some of the qualities that can happen in makerspaces and encourage participatory learning.

Buffy swooning over her new School’s Out Issue of MAKE

My excitement about the possibilities of makerspaces was fueled today by an unexpected trip to a local Barnes andNoble store and stumbling upon the “School’s Out!  Summer Fun Guide” issue of MAKE magazine which includes a set of 3D glasses to interact with the magazine features!  While some of the makerspace ventures do involve some startup costs and others might involve equipment and materials that wouldn’t fit the typical school library budget, this issue is brimming with ideas to help librarians easily craft makerspace culture on a dime.

So what are some additional resources if you’re in the initial thinking/planning/wondering stages for how to create a makerspace as an essential learning space in your library?

Are you thinking about incorporating makerspaces (as well as hackerspaces) into your library during 2012-2013?  If so, please help the education and library communities crowdsource this concept by sharing your resources and ideas!

Why no, B&N, MAKE is not just for men or boys–girls like makerspaces, too!

Interestingly enough, the magazine issue was on display in the freestanding “men’s interests” display rack—I did complain to a salesperson that the placement of the magazine was not only sexist but age inappropriate as a magazine geared toward children should probably not be displayed prominently to magazines featuring covers featuring excessive cleavage of women–she promised to share my concerns with the magazine section manager, and I’ll follow up to see what happens.

80 comments

  1. Thanks so much for the shout-out! I had a blast talking about community outreach, the makerspace mindset, & participatory learning @ #ala12. So many libraries are doing great things in terms of sharing community knowledge and inspiring DIY culture. Queens Library might be my favorite at the moment.

  2. HI Buffy,
    I’ve been on the same wavelength as you for a couple of months now. Been reading the same posts! We have a room in our library that I think can fulfill a function like this, and I’m trying to work out what I need to do to get something up and running in there that will allow my kids to see more possibilities for creation. Thanks for providing some food for thought here.
    Jenny :)

    1. Jenny, that is fabulous! I cannot wait to see what you and your students do! I’m doing some planning now to see which teachers and students can help us make this happen. Thank you for taking time to read my post, and if you ever need someone to bounce ideas around with, please let me know!

    2. Jenny – I, too, have been researching makerspaces for hs libraries and am looking to make it happen esp since I have an alumni class of our school looking to donate money to the library. Wondering if you’ve put this into action and if so what kind of things you’ve purchased.

  3. Reblogged this on LibraryDenizens and commented:
    The Unquiet Librarian posted today about the concept of libraries as Makerspaces, a place where people can explore interests, use new tools and materials, and develop creative projects. The Maker movement is a growing trend, with Makerfaires popping up all over the country where all generations can share creative projects and ideas. Are there any readers of our blog that are now involved in Maker or Makerlike creative projects? What are your ideas on how libraries can become a springboard for makers, movers, shakers and creative learners?

  4. I’ve never heard of a “makerspace” — but I have to admit, I LOVE the concept! I think as parents, our goal should be to introduce our kids to as many of these as possible…even making our own home a limited makerspace of sorts…

    Great post!
    :)

  5. Thank you so much for posting all of these resources! I just finished reading, but am still lingering over Jonah Leher’s book “Imagine; How Creativity Works.” He would be so proud of you. I’m going to write a review of his book soon on my blog, and will have to share the link to this post! I’ve had the idea for creating a space where the community can meet and create things out of recycled materials and what-not, but had no idea that concept already had a name. Now I know what to google :)

  6. Congrats. on getting Freshly Pressed. I hope that libraries will tap into the talent of some older teens to write up/blog book reviews on young adult books. And let an older teen share library forum/blog moderation duties as a volunteer. It’s a great win-win learning experience for everyone. One of the WordPress forum bloggers complained her local public library wasn’t interested in her book reviews.

    With tools like Pininterest and Scoop-It group collaboration that taps into meaningful yet fun research and ideas swapping, I can see makerspace taking off like a shootingstar.

    Best wishes, from a MLS-degreed blogger (but no longer a librarian at this time).

    1. Hi Jean! We’ve actually had some of our teens do just those things in the past although it was a little challenging to get volunteers this past year–we’re hoping to recruit a new teen blog team as I agree library blogs should reflect the voices of the patrons! Like you, I hope we can see more libraries adopting a participatory stance and having patrons of all ages taking an active role in content creation through many kinds of mediums.

      Thank you for your kind words and for sharing your ideas as I am definitely with you on your suggestions and excitement about the possibilities for makerspaces! Very best, Buffy

  7. And make the ever popular “curate” transform even better with the library to facilitate by empowering others to do “curate” collaboratively. :D

  8. What a novel idea! (No pun intended)

    I like the idea of libraries (and not just school libraries) being a place that uses a vast array of options for learning and growth. The old image of just stacks of books just won’t do.

    I have lived in cities and small towns. I have always loved the library (though I still need to return that book from 3 years ago and plea for amnesty for the third time). I really feel that library budgets should be increased drastically. Libraries hold so much potential and more people would engage if the library could do things like a maker space. It all costs money, yes, but considering some other investments that communities make, I think the library deserves a much much bigger slice of the pie!

    1. Hello—I just wanted to thank you for taking time to share your thoughtful reflections! I agree with you that framing the library (and I agree–all kinds of libraries, not just school) as a makerspace opens up so many possibilities for community engagement. I am hopeful that as more libraries focus on offering a greater diversity of experiences for people to meet the needs of the community, more legislators and decision makers will allocate increased funding to libraries to support these kinds of efforts! Very best, Buffy

  9. Last year the library staff at the Collegiate School in Richmond, VA teamed up with one of the middle school tech teachers to create a makerspace in the library. It’s not an ideal space, but it will do for now. We had a Makerbot Thing-o-matic, which really drew attention to the space. Maker Shed and Spark Fun both sell kits and parts for projects. The Make and O’Reilly books are must-haves for any makerspace (or any library really).

    Makerbot Industries has curriculum and lesson plans on their site. 3D printing is still (I think) an emerging technology. Most people don’t really understand what it’s all about, so the lesson plans/curriculum guides can help explain it all to teachers and admin.

    I’ve been following Andrew Carle’s blog (tieandjeans.wordpress.com). He guides a middle school maker club and has some insightful things to say. I’m also keeping an eye on the University of Mary Washington’s library. The librarians, along with staff from UMW’s Division of Teaching and Learning, are converting an old classroom into a makerspace. I think it’s scheduled to open in the fall.

    The Constructing Modern Knowledge conference looks pretty cool too. I’m hoping to go next summer. Maybe I’ll see some of you folks there.

    If there’s a local maker/hackerspace in your area, visit it. The people who support those organizations are invaluable connections. The spaces sometimes offer cool classes too. I’ve dipped my toes into C programming, e-textiles, and soldering at Hack.RVA, the Richmond hackerspace.

    If you have the flexibility/freedom/time, get the kids involved. Start a maker club. Kids’ enthusiasm is the best PR and a great way to gain support for a maker program.

    I’ve been collecting makerspace-related articles and such over at Scoop.it. Here’s the link to my collection: http://www.scoop.it/t/makerspaces/. You’re also welcome to take a look at a Google doc I created. I’m housing random makerspace notes there. Feel free to add to it.

    1. Melanie, I cannot thank you enough for your tips and all of these fabulous leads!!! It is fantastic to connect with you through your blog and Twitter. I will definitely check out the resources you shared and am now following your awesome scoop.it collection; thank you also for the link to the Google Doc. I definitely want the kids to take ownership of this space, and I love the idea of having a club, too. Very best, Buffy

  10. Sounds like you are turning the library into summer camp. It sounds like absolute fun. I wish I could have had a creative librarian like you when I was a kid.

    1. Thank you for your kind words! This is the first time a post of mine has been “freshly pressed”, so that is exciting! I’m grateful that being freshly pressed has helped more people discover the ideas and possibilities of makerspaces in my post. :-)

  11. Yes! Dooooo iiiiiiiit!!!
    I’m a maker and open source technology designer, spent two years bouncing round Europe working principally on a solar energy device, mostly in squats and autonomous centers as they were the only places I could find where I could stay and work for free. It was usually less than ideal, but I got it done.
    Currently I’m involved in a group called Open Source Ecology Europe, we’re in the process of setting up a network of free and open project and permaculture spaces, starting with on the ground locations currently in Spain, Italy, Poland, Greece and I think Croatia..
    Long story short, there is a desperate need for this kind of space that people can just drop into and start working on stuff. Open source software is so successful a model because all people need to collaborate is a computer and the web, but with hardware you really need to be in the same room as the people you’re working with, and have physical access to tools and benchspace. I can tell you from personal experience how frustrating it is have a bunch of things to be working on, but nowhere to do so.
    We can be building all the solutions to the problems of energy and food production, water, communications, transportation, housing… but these technologies need to be developed, and the people with the initiative to do so are very rarely those with the access to the necessary resources; practical, informational or human.
    Makerspaces solve all this.
    Do it. Do it now.

    1. Hi Daniel! Thank you so much for your insightful and passionate reflections! I am committed to making this happen–I am already making contacts with some of my faculty this summer to enlist their help and expertise so that we can have this wonderful learning/mucking around/inquiring/making space in the library for our school community—I’m hopeful that we can utilize this makerspace as both a place for recreational learning but also as a sort of learning lab in the library to support inquiry with classroom teachers and their students.

      I really appreciate your encouragement, and I’ll be keeping you all posted over the next few months as we try and get this rolling! Very best, buffy

  12. Hi Buffy,

    Just wanted to say “thanks” for sparking my interest in participatory culture at the Libraries United Conference in May :) There are so many exciting possibilities for the future of libraries.

    1. Wow—thank you so much for those gracious words! It was an honor to be part of the conference, and I am absolutely elated that the talk on participatory culture was inspiring for you! Lots of exciting ventures are happening in this front in many kinds of libraries, so stay tuned as I blog here. You can also follow my Scoop.it account on the topic at http://www.scoop.it/t/libraries-as-sites-of-enchantment-participatory-culture-and-learning. Thank you again! Very best, Buffy :-)

  13. Great concept…a perfect idea for summer vacation. Or for that matter, a fantastic idea for the entire year, especially if the maker faire concept can employ holiday themes and involve the entire community. I agree with others that libraries need more support. Why is it that schools and libraries are always the first items to be removed from the budget? Keep at it…this program looks like a winner! From a former public librarian….Russ

    1. How cool would it be to have a Makespace Camp during the summer at the library? And our own mini MakerFaires? Right now the possibilities are just popping in my mind, and I’m excited to meet with my teachers, students, and admin to explore ways we can create makerspaces in the library and position the library as the ultimate makerspace in our community!

      You ask a great question about funding and budget cuts! I don’t know all the answers (sometimes, there are no logical ones to that one!), but I see this concept as one that could fully and creatively integrate the library into all aspects of our school in a way that we might not be able to do so from the traditional academic/research collaboration approach (which I still feel is very important, but is one piece of the bigger puzzle of learning and libraries). I really appreciate your awesome words of encouragement, and I hope I will have lots to share with all of you the next few months as we move forward with this adventure! Very best, Buffy

      1. As my British friends would say, your comments “are spot on.” If libraries are to survive, they must be integrated fully into the community, not only as a resource for study, but also a central hub of activity for its service area. Libraries must form community partnerships to maintain visibility and “top of mind awareness.” Libraries must be proactive and be committed to both short and long term results. In some ways, schools and libraries must be thought of as an educational business. I applaud your efforts. Good luck…I’ll be waiting to see what happens next. Aloha from Hawaii Island….Russ Roberts

  14. That’s a great use of the space for learning. I really hope this concept catches up across many more libraries, it would be lovely to participate – thanks so much for sharing this!

  15. Thank you so much for all this great info. I have some unused space in my elementary library that I have been brainstorming about how to best use. My thoughts have been focused on a “creation station” for students and teachers. The information that you have shared has me so excited! I can’t wait to read and research a little more and create a plan of action for my space!

  16. I have worked at a school library while it was beginning its transition into developing more interactive spaces and opportunities for students. I appreciate your blog, and look forward to sharing some cool ideas you have here with some of my friends who do library work (love the idea of crowdsourcing – library resources should be shared between institutions)!

  17. Congratulations on being Fresh Pressed. I had never heard the term “makerspace” and in fact had to read it several times as I thought it was ‘marketplace’. Best wishes for your success

  18. The idea of a library as a makespace sounds amazing. I am extremely interested in seeing how I can incoporate some of the facets into my own school library. I am excited to learn more about this concept and see how I can go about creating my very own makerspace. I think the students would benefit in so many ways. I look forward to reading more about it. Thanks for all the information and websites.

  19. Just to defend the placement of Make Magazine for a minute. Usually the magazine is an adult magazine, meaning that it is geared towards adults, not children. I’ve never seen it in the Men’s section at my book store, but usually in the DIY section. It may be a sexist placement, but most projects in there are geared for adults.

    1. Hi! I agree that MAKE is usually more geared for adults, but this specific issues was designed for children. If you look at the “School’s Out” edition, you’ll see it is clearly marketed for young learners. I don’t know whether B&N or MAKE is responsible for the placement, but any way you slice it, it was completely inappropriate. Best, Buffy

  20. Hello, Just came across this blog tonight. So excited to see it! I am currently writing my thesis on the museums and the Maker Movement and was feeling distraught over how little I could find on the learning side of things. I believe some of your links will be helpful. Thank you again!

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