Disclaimer added 5/17/17: Due to erroneous information being circulated by certain academic librarians, I would like to clarify this post was written with appropriate permissions. If you have concerns, I would appreciate your being professional and contacting me directly.
Update 5/18/17: Due to misinformation that has been spread maliciously by at least once academic librarian through social media about this post, I have edited the original for clarity to keep the focus on the original theme of the post, resilience as an essential information literacy disposition. It is unfortunate that some academic librarians who perceive themselves as the FERPA police and who know nothing of K12 education posted erroneous information about this post through their social media channels before bothering to contact me about the post, behavior that is unprofessional and most decidedly not in the spirit of the kind of librarianship I would hope colleagues would aspire to emulate. When they did contact me, they did so in a manner I would not consider appropriate on many levels. Here is the slightly revised post, and I hope you will glean food for thought whether you are a classroom teacher or librarian at any level.
When we think of information literacy, certain skills usually get great emphasis: understanding how to evaluate information and the sources of that information, search strategies, and citation management. While these are all important skills, it seems that some dispositions get overlooked because they are soft skills that are not easily taught in neat tidy ways, nor can they be taught in a short time frame. They are not considered “hard” skills that might be formally or quantitatively assessed with a test or performance task in some way.
I’ll be writing soon about my mini inquiry and research unit with 7th and 8th grade writers. However, there was a moment today I think is worth sharing and speaks to the importance of the soft skills and dispositions. Ryland is one of my 7th grader writers who has gone from hating the class at the beginning of the year to one who has flourished and thrived even with some setbacks as we took on more challenging academic writing during the second semester. He has persisted in the face of assorted challenges. He even signed up for my Creative Writing SOAR this semester (on top of having the regular writing class with me every day). Of notable importance, Ryland has discovered a love for writing poetry and shared that love of writing poetry with others.
As part of our project work, students brainstormed topics, narrowed down topics, and then engaged in presearch to confirm or change a final topic of interest. After we completed presearch, students generated 10 different research questions using our question lenses method (more on this soon in a blog post, I promise). From the 10 questions, I asked students to select their three choices with the understanding we would only focus on two but keep the third on standby in case they discovered one of the top two was not a viable choice as they continued with additional research. Like many other students during the presearch phase, Ryland needed some extra support with his search strategies and efforts, but he dug into the resources I helped him access.
In Ryland’s original research contract, he identified two top question choices around his interest in the Chattahoochee River. He struggled to compose his 10 questions and to select his top two choices, which originally included:
- How did the people use the river a long time ago?
- How long is the Chattahoochee River?
Of course, the second question is not one that really lends itself to inquiry. However, I wanted Ryland to be able to figure this out for himself. After being introduced to EasyBib for crafting bibliographies and taking digital notes, he continued his search. He fell behind for various reasons with his notes, and did not meet his deadline for getting 10 notes (a suggested 5 per research question); I gave him an extension, and he continued working on notes. Yesterday, he began drafting his introduction to his research essay. As we conferenced over his draft, we talked about how he had a terrific hook but that the thesis was falling flat. Through this writing conference, Ryland realized that the second question was one that was more factual and not truly researchable in a deeper way. I asked him if he would consider going back into his sources and review some the ideas he had read, including an article I had shared with him about the water wars involving the river between Georgia, Alabama, and Florida. Though he looked a little discouraged, he said he would try.
Today he returned to class in an upbeat manner. He cheerfully and excitedly took out his research contract and told me that after doing some thinking last night, he had a new research question:
How did the water wars get started in the first place?
Not only did Ryland show resilience in developing a new research question (and a damn good one at that!), but he did so in a calm and thoughtful way. Even more impressed is that Ryland demonstrated this quality at a time of year when many students think school is over with only a week to go! While this academic move may not sound like a big deal to us as adults, problem-solving and persistence are a big deal for a 7th grader, especially for one who has little experience doing research projects. Of course, I praised him! He then set about taking some additional notes and then writing his thesis statement for his introduction now that he had two major research questions/points that worked. If we look at AASL’s Standards for 21st Century Learners, we can see Ryland demonstrated these dispositions under Standard 1: Inquire, think critically, and gain knowledge:
- 1.2.5 Demonstrate adaptability by changing the inquiry focus, questions, resources, or strategies when necessary to achieve success.
- 1.2.6 Display emotional resilience by persisting in information searching despite challenges.
- 1.2.7 Display persistence by continuing to pursue information to gain a broad perspective.
He also demonstrated these self-assessment strategies:
- 1.4.2 Use interaction with and feedback from teachers and peers to guide own inquiry process.
- 1.4.3 Monitor gathered information, and assess for gaps or weaknesses.
- 1.4.4 Seek appropriate help when it is needed.
I find that frustration, especially when faced with challenging or unfamiliar learning tasks, is a major obstacle for teen learners. Many students have low thresholds for frustration and give up easily for different reasons. The majority of the students I teach, all of whom were identified as struggling writers last summer and placed into my Writing Connections courses for this academic year, especially grappled with a low threshold for frustration early in the year last fall. As I’ve had the wonderful opportunity to teaching writing through a workshop/studio approach this school year, I have found that being able to frequently conference with students 1:1 and coach them through these rough patches goes a long way in building confidence and students’ belief that they CAN overcome new or difficult learning challenges. These opportunities to regularly conference with students about their writing is a integral and critical part of helping them develop resistance in the face of a demanding or exacting learning situation.
Giving students opportunities to struggle through something hard, that requires thought, and even asks for multiple efforts, is essential to helping students learn how to problem-solve and build resilience. At the same time, we as teachers monitor them through the struggle; we know when to step in and when to step back. We can be there for them and scaffold their efforts by serving as a sounding board they think/talk aloud a challenge/problem, provide the “just in time” question to prompt or shift their thinking, and celebrate all their steps along the way as they learn from missteps and then ultimately achieve success.
As a librarian, resilience, adaptability, and persistence are essential dimensions of information literacy that I honestly could not cultivate very deeply or frequently with students in the media center in any scalable kind of way. Why? Because I lacked that regular interaction with students as well as the deep trust and relationship building that come from working with a student every day of the school year as a classroom teacher. As a classroom teacher, I have the learning environment and access to students to help develop these dispositions of information literacy. I’m situated in the heart of our writing and learning studio as we model, practice, share, and revise our thinking and our writing. As I’ve said in the past, information literacy is not the work of only the librarian, but it is the work of the entire faculty who can work as a schoolwide team with the help of the school librarian to infuse information literacy skills on a meaningful and significant scale with regularity that will have genuine impact on student learning.
Ryland showed a major growth spurt today and has come from far from the writer and learner he was in August. Will this show up in our school’s growth bubble or as part of his test scores on the Georgia Milestones? Most likely no, but it will be an important part of his growth as a student and an individual that will go with him far beyond K12 education and hopefully help him as he encounters life challenges beyond graduation. It is a joy and honor to be part of my students’ journey as learners and to play a role in helping young people like Ryland develop these fundamental dispositions.